All posts by Dr. Misty

Picture of lady thinking for post Sever's Disease in Children

Got Heel Pain… What About Plantar Fasciitis?

What is our most important mode of transportation? If you said our feet, then you were absolutely correct!

Our feet and their well-being, is critical to our livelihood and it is my job, as a practicing podiatrist, to keep them in tip-top shape.

Would you believe that heel pain (specifically heel pain related to a condition called Plantar Fasciitis) is one of the #1 complaints that I see in my adult patients?

So… what about Plantar Fasciitis makes it so common and painful?

I am here to tell you, ad nauseam, EVERYTHING that you could possibly want to know about this condition in simple, easy-to-understand terminology!

Quick note… If we are talking about a child suffering with heel pain, this is NOT where you want to be! I would recommend reading articles titled “Heel Pain in Kids – Everything You NEED to Know” or “Sever’s Disease in Children – Is It Affecting Your Child’s Game” for more information on heel pain in kids.

Back to what you came for… Plantar Fasciitis!

The Anatomy Behind Plantar Fasciitis

To effectively understand what the term “Plantar Fasciitis” means, we first have to understand what the plantar fascia band is and where it is located.

The plantar fascia band is a band of thick, connective tissue that spans along the bottom of the foot from the area of the heel bone to the ball of the foot.

When you stretch your toes up towards your nose, you can also see your plantar fasciial band through the skin. Go ahead… give it a try! You should see something like this:

This strong plantar fascia band (that you should be looking at now) plays a critical role in our feet. It functions to support the arch on the bottom of the foot and prevent its collapse due to the weight of our bodies.

Did you know that the average adult tends to take anywhere from 5,000 – 10,000 steps per day and that this band is strong enough to support our weight, yet elastic enough to withstand the impact of the force of each step?

Pretty amazing, right?

Think of the plantar fascia band as a bowstring that absorbs shock. See the importance?

Now you will be able to better understand exactly what plantar fasciitis is.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Simply put, Plantar Fasciitis is a condition that results when the plantar fascia becomes inflamed. Let’s talk about this in a little more detail to make sure you have a better understanding.

When the plantar fascia band is tensed, or overstretched, (for reasons that we will discuss later) tiny little tears occur within it. These “microtears” most commonly occur at the weakest area of the plantar fascia band, which is close to where it attaches to the heel bone.

Once microtears are present, this band begins to get irritated and inflammation results. This, in turn, causes it to become even more tense and it reacts by wanting to contract, or ball-up, in a sense.

For quick clarification purposes, I would like to stress right now that Plantar Fasciitis is NOT caused by a heel spur. This is so very often misconstrued. A heel spur may develop in conjunction with this condition as our bodies naturally create calcium deposits to the area in an attempt to support the damaged plantar fascia band, but these two conditions do not always go hand-in-hand.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis – Are You At Risk?

Now that you should have a pretty good understanding about exactly what Plantar Fasciitis is, who gets plantar fasciitis?

The easy answer to this question is that ANYONE can develop it; but, generally speaking, Plantar Fasciitis most often occurs in an active man or woman between the ages of 30-60 with the highest occurrence in women.

In addition, there are certain activities/actions that can put you at a greater risk.


You are at a greater risk for Plantar Fasciitis when you are obese, or overweight… especially if there was a sudden weight gain. Why?

When a person rapidly gains weight, our plantar fascia band is subject to an increased work-load without having time to adapt to it.

This is commonly supported by pregnant females who suddenly develop this condition near the end of their pregnancy.

Extreme Physical Activity

Extreme Physical Activity can take many shapes and forms, but does put you at an increased risk to develop Plantar Fasciitis.

Does your job require you being on your feet for hours on end (such as a factory or restaurant worker)? Are you a long-distance runner?

Moderate physical activity is definitely recommended several times per week for our overall health, but putting our bodies in extreme stress regularly can often do more harm than good.

Structural Foot Deformities

Do you have a high-arched foot, or are you flat-footed? Is your Achilles Tendon tight? Add yourself to the increased risk category!

Improper, or Ill-Fitting Shoegear

Ladies… are you guilty of sporting those red bottoms or other high-heeled shoes on a regular basis?

Any shoe with soft soles or inadequate arch support is definitely a risk factor for the development of Plantar Fasciitis. And believe me… once you develop it, NOTHING is worth the pain!

Your selection of shoegear should be based upon the shoe’s ability to provide good support and fit well, not merely as a fashion statement.

What About Plantar Fasciitis Symptoms?

We can’t effectively discuss Plantar Fasciitis without reviewing the symptoms most commonly experienced by those suffering from this condition, now can we?

Some of the most common signs/symptoms associated with Plantar Fasciitis include the following:

  • Stabbing-type pain on the bottom of the foot close to the heel bone.
  • Pain on the bottom of the heel area upon rising after sitting or laying for an extended period of time that improves some with walking. The most intense pain is usually experienced on the first step out of bed in the morning.
  • Pain on the bottom of the heel that occurs immediately following exercise rather than during exercise.

How is Plantar Fasciitis Diagnosed?

Typically, I (as well as other physicians) can diagnose Plantar Fasciitis via a medical history and thorough physical examination of the foot.

For the medical history, I always ask questions similar to the following:

  • What is the nature of the pain? (Heel Pain)
  • Where specifically on the foot is the pain located? (I have them point to the specific area where they are experiencing the pain.)
  • How long have you been experiencing the pain? (Days, Weeks, Months, Years)
  • Did the pain begin suddenly (possibly following an injury) or has it developed gradually?
  • Describe the characteristics of the pain. (Aching, Burning, Stabbing, Throbbing, Dull, Sharp)
  • What time of day is the pain the absolute worst? (First step out of bed in the morning)
  • What makes the pain better or worse? (Activity vs. rest)
  • Have you ever had a similar condition before? If so, what helped it improve?
  • Have you tried any at-home treatments to provide relief? If so, what did you do and did it work?

My physical examination for Plantar Fasciitis is pretty straight forward.

I typically palpate (or feel) the bottom of the foot to locate the area of tenderness.

In addition, I will have my patient flex their foot and push along the plantar fascia band. Typically, pain is experienced during this in Plantar Fasciitis. I will then instruct the patient to point their toes. Pain generally subsides with this motion.

I also examine the area for any swelling or mild redness.

Lastly, I evaluate muscle strength and nerve health via testing the following:

  • Balance and coordination
  • Sense of touch
  • Reflexes

Radiographs (a.k.a. x-rays) and other imaging studies are rarely required for a diagnosis of Plantar Fasciitis unless they are utilized to rule other conditions out.

What About Plantar Fasciitis? – Final Thoughts

It is imperative to recognize and fully understand where your heel pain is coming from in order to quickly implement the most efficient means of treatment to eliminate your pain.

I truly hope that I helped you either confirm or eliminate your suspicion of Plantar Fasciitis involving you or your loved one.

As always, I welcome any comments below including either questions or your experience with this condition. I truly am here to help!

Your Online Foot Expert,

Dr. Misty

Podiatric Physician and Owner/Creator of

Child playing catcher in baseball for post How to Treat Heel Pain

How to Treat Heel Pain – Get Back in the Game

Heel pain in children is NO joke! When your child is in pain, it just plain hurts you too.

In this article, I will thoroughly discuss exactly how to treat heel pain and get your child back into their game as quickly as possible.

Child playing catcher in baseball

Because Sever’s Disease is the most common cause of heel pain in children, I will focus on the specific treatments that I utilize to nip this particular condition in the bud, but the recommendations outlined below will definitively aid in heel pain no matter the specific cause.

To read more about the signs and symptoms of heel pain in kids, feel free to read either (or both) of the following articles: “Heel Pain in Kids – Everything You Need to Know” and/or “Sever’s Disease in Children – Is It Affecting Your Child’s Game?“.

Onto what you are here for… let’s talk treatment!!!

A Quick Overview on How to Treat Heel Pain

It is all too familiar… a concerned parent bringing their child to my office with the complaint of heel pain and the fear that little Johnny is doomed from becoming the “next great thing” in his sport of choice because of it.

No fear… Dr. Misty is here!

There ARE ways to efficiently “knock-out” this burdensome pain once and for all and I am here to lay them all out on the table. I will tell you (in detail) exactly how I successfully treat my little patients that come in with this particular complaint.

I utilize the methods outlined below day-in and day-out to get kiddos with heel pain back on their feet:PICTURE OF HAPPY FEET

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Oral Medication
  • Stretching
  • Shoe Inserts
  • Casting

Let’s talk about these in further detail…

Rest – The Dreaded Word

No child (or parent for that matter) wants to hear the dreaded word “REST”, but I could not write an article concerning how to treat heel pain without addressing it.

So… here it goes!

Rest is FREE and is one of the best ways to go about combating your child’s pain. It can take many shapes and forms and can include total rest to merely activity modifications.

Because Sever’s Disease doesn’t cause any long-term foot problems AND it will eventually go away on its own, temporarily stopping a sport, or reducing intensity, duration, and frequency, will definitely aid in the total elimination of your child’s heel pain.

However… I AM a realist as a physician AND I have treated my own son’s heel pain and I KNOW that for the aggressive athlete “rest” is sometimes not an option.

For this reason, I will leave this here and move on to more fluid ways to combat heel pain in children! ((:

Don’t Forget the Ice

You hear it quite frequently, but just how exactly does ice help with conditions such as heel pain?

Icing an injured area actually works to decrease tissue metabolism thereby reducing the amount of secondary muscle damage and edema (or swelling) of the area. In addition, ice is a great analgesic because it slows down the velocity of nerve conduction.

Simply put… ice decreases inflammation (or swelling) AND aids in reducing pain of a particular area (in our case the heel)!

So how do you effectively ice the heel?

I typically recommend icing the heel for 15 minutes at a time. You want to make sure that the ice is not in direct contact with the skin (to avoid frostbite) by applying a barrier, such as a towel, in between the skin and ice. To be most effective, this needs to be performed every 1-2 hours and ALWAYS directly following participation in an event.

Because it is physically difficult to hold (or balance) ice onto the heel area, products have been created for this purpose. One of my favorites, which I ALWAYS recommend for heel pain, is an Ankle/Foot Ice Therapy Wrap. Products such as these allow your child movement while therapeutically delivering the “cold” treatment that the area needs to heal.

Oral Medication – The Do’s & Dont’s

While I am NOT a huge advocate of “pill-popping”, there are certain times that I do recommend the use of oral medications (when they are not contraindicated) for particular conditions.

We do NOT like to see our babies in pain. If something can help relieve it… let’s do it!

When talking about the implementation of medications in our treatment of heel pain, all medications are NOT equal!

As long as your child has no medical conditions that prevent them from taking what we call non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (a.k.a. NSAIDs), this is my go-to for heel pain. These are common household, over-the-counter medications such as Ibuprofen, Motrin, and Aleeve.

NSAIDs far exceed acetaminophen (Tylenol) for the treatment of heel pain because they not only provide relief of pain, but they also work to block the production of certain chemicals by the body that cause inflammation.

When I recommend these medications for a child with heel pain, I typically instruct the child to follow the directions that come with the medication on how much and how often. I DO recommend taking the medication regularly for 48 hours and then as needed for pain.

How to Treat Heel Pain with Stretching

Stretching is critical in the treatment of heel pain in children.

To better understand, let’s quickly review the reasons that conditions, such as Sever’s Disease, cause pain.

Our children undergo rapid growth spurts. When these “growth spurts” occur, their heel bones develop more rapidly than the surrounding muscles and tendons. This results in a tightening of these muscles and tendons which pull directly on the heel bone thus causing pain and inflammation. To read more on this, visit my article titled, “Sever’s Disease in Children – Is it Affecting Your Child’s Game?”.

How can we help relieve this pain? Simple… let’s stretch it out!

Stretching acts to not only strengthen our muscles, but also to promote flexibility… flexibility that our children need more of when suffering from conditions such as Sever’s Disease.

Before I go into my three favorite stretches for heel pain, I do want to mention that any stretching exercise should ONLY be performed when NO ACUTE PAIN is present. Stretching while significant pain is present will only increase the pain thus being counter-productive.

Now… on to the BEST stretches for heel pain in kids! These stretches should be performed together at a minimum of five times per day. It is AMAZING what these simple stretches will accomplish!

The Active Stretch

Active stretch for how to treat heel pain

Begin stretching exercises with active stretching. This prepares the muscles for a rigorous treatment.

Simply have your child SLOWLY pull the foot and toes in an upward direction to stretch the muscles of the calf. This is best performed while sitting with the legs straight out in front of them and can be performed with or without the use of bands.

Ensure that your child is performing this very gently and controlled as sudden jerking motions may lead to intensified and prolonged pain.

Repeat this stretch at least five times prior to continuing on to the next stretch.

The Gastrocnemius Stretchgastrocnemius stretch for how to treat heel pain

Following the active stretch, focus should then be moved onto the gastrocnemius muscle which is along the calf area on the back of the leg.

Have your child stand facing a wall with their toes pointed towards the wall. Instruct them to lean forward towards the wall bracing the palms of their hands onto the wall. It is important to ensure that they do not raise their heels while performing this stretch. This position should be held for 45 seconds and repeated three times per stretching session.

Should your child not feel a stretch along the back of their legs, have them move their feet farther from the wall and repeat.

The Soleus Stretch

The soleus muscle is located on the lower half of the back of the leg.

To perform this stretch, have your child stand in front of a wall with their nose touching the wall and the toes of both feet up on the wall. Next, instruct them to bend the knee until a stretch is felt in the lower leg and back of the heel. Hold for 45 seconds and repeat three times.soleus stretch for how to treat heel pain

Shoe Inserts – A Must Have

If you speak to any physician regarding Sever’s Disease… you are going to hear one word (actually two)… heel cups!heel cups for how to treat heel pain

Heel cups are the standardized treatment for heel pain in children and provide two distinct benefits:

  1. Restrict any excessive motion of the heel
  2. Provide shock absorption in order to dissipate some of the ground forces felt throughout the heel

These two things together work fluidly to reduce the stress on the heel bone.

There is no question that heel cups are essential (I won’t waste your time on the science behind them), but how do you know which heel cups are best?

If you google “heel cups”, you will see thousands of results… feel free to try it! However, I am here to help you so I can tell you what the best heel cups on the planet are! Save your time and $$$.

I ALWAYS recommend Tuli’s Heavy Duty Heal Cups to my adolescent patients suffering with heel pain and they are NEVER disappointed. These heel cups are the ultimate product for heel pain relief and are the #1 Podiatrist-recommended heel cups in the world. Need I say more?

When you are treating your child’s heel pain with heel cups, it is essential that you have your child wear them inside of their shoes at all times. Don’t worry… no one will even see that they are there!

In addition, according to my patients (one of whom was my son), they are much more comfortable when worn underneath the sole of the shoe.

Heel cups are NECESSARY!

Casting – The Rarity

I would say that 95% of heel pain in children can be cured by combining rest, ice, anti-inflammatory medication, stretching, and heel cups, but for completeness’ sake, I felt the need to mention casting or immobilization as a means of treatment.

IF you have faithfully tried all the above with your child and they STILL complain of significant pain then it is definitely time to visit a physician.

It is a rarity, but sometimes, in extreme cases, casting is necessary to fully rid of your child’s pain.

How to Treat Heel Pain – You NOW Know

I sincerely hope that you see by now that your child’s heel pain is nothing to ignore and I have given you the tools that you need as a parent to successfully eliminate their suffering.

Remember… rest, ice, oral NSAIDs, stretching, and heel cups are critical to implement upon the first complaint of pain! You will be in awe of the success of these modes of treatment.

I appreciate you reading this article and I know that it will help!

As always, should you have any questions regarding any of the information presented here, please feel free to comment below. I am here to help!


Dr. Misty

Podiatric Physician and Owner/Creator of

X-Ray of Growth Plate on Heel for Post Sever's Disease in Children

Sever’s Disease in Children – Is It Affecting Your Child’s Game?

You are here because you are wondering if either your child, or the child of someone you know, has a condition called Sever’s Disease.Picture of lady thinking

Am I right?

With Sever’s Disease being the #1 cause of heel pain in children, it is IMPERATIVE that you read the information provided below so that you can determine exactly what is affecting your child’s game and treat it!

Sever’s Disease in children is NO JOKE, and here, I will detail (very simply) exactly what this impairing condition is in order for you to feel confident about what is impeding your child from excelling!

Let’s Talk About Bones

To fully understand Sever’s Disease (also known as Calcaneal Apophysitis), we must understand a little bit of basic knowledge surrounding bones in general.

We all have bones in our bodies… 206 to be exact!Skeleton of Body for Post Severs Disease in Children

Our bones have a purpose and that purpose is to form the shape of our bodies and allow us to move around.

Because we are tiny little things when we are brought into this world and eventually develop into adult-sized creatures over time, our bones MUST have the ability to expand with us. This massive expansion of our bones is made possible by something called growth plates.

Every single bone has a growth plate (also called the epiphysis) and they are exactly what they sound like… the area within a bone that allows the bone to grow.

Once a bone grows to its adult size, these growth plates close and become solid bone, but during growth (while the growth plate still exists), these areas are more fragile and are at greater risk for injury.

Enough about bones…

So… What is Sever’s Disease?

You reached this page due to a google search on “Sever’s Disease in children” or something similar. But… what is this condition really about?

You have probably figured out by now that it has something to do with bones and growth plates and you are correct!

Let’s discuss…

Sever’s Disease in children is definitely NOT a disease as it sounds but actually an injury.

The foot is comprised of 26 bones one of which is the heel bone (calcaneus). Look at the x-ray below of the adult foot… pay attention to the heel!

X ray of adult heel for post severs disease in children

Guess what? The heel bone has a growth plate! This particular growth plate (in the heel) is called the Calcaneal Apophysis and is actually one of the first in the body to reach adult size and close.

Below is an x-ray of a child’s foot. See the growth plate on the heel?

x ray of growth plate on heel for post severs disease in children

Sit tight… this is where Sever’s Disease comes in!

Because the calcaneus (heel bone) grows faster than most other bones in the body, quite often the muscles and tendons that connect to it (and are growing also) just can’t keep up. When this occurs, the tendon attached to the back of the heel becomes very tight and pulls on the heel.

Picture of tendon pulling on heel for post Severs Disease in Children

Couple this tightness of the tendon pulling on the heel around the area of the growth plate with added strain from sports or other strenuous activities and boom… you get Sever’s Disease in children!

So… in a nut shell, Sever’s Disease is when the growth plate of the heel bone becomes irritated and inflamed due to a tight tendon pulling on the area.

Is Age a Factor with Sever’s Disease in Children?

You can probably answer this question on your own by now, but YES… age is definitely a factor in determining the risk for sign-with-puberty-for-post-severs-disease-in-childrenSever’s Disease in children.

As stated above, Calcaneal Apophysitis (Sever’s Disease) has a direct correlation with puberty… when our bodies are growing their fastest.

So… because girls hit puberty first, we tend to see this condition diagnosed in them when they are around the ages of 8-13.

Boys, on the other hand, typically have later growth spurts and can be anywhere between the ages of 10-15 when and if they develop Sever’s Disease (which is much more common in boys vs. girls).

Typical Signs & Symptoms of Sever’s Disease

Do you still think that Sever’s Disease could be your child’s problem?

If your child is between the at-risk ages for their sex (noted above), is involved in extra-curricular activities that consist of running, pivoting, and jumping on hard surfaces, and has recently been complaining of heel pain, take a look at the common signs and symptoms associated with Sever’s Disease in children noted below to see if this condition could be the culprit.picture-of-painful-heel-for-post-severs-disease-in-children

  • pain, mild redness, and/or swelling in one or both of the heels
  • difficulty walking due to pain in one or both feet
  • limping and/or walking on tiptoes in an attempt to lessen the pain felt with each step
  • intensifying pain upon squeezing both sides of one or both heels
  • pain in one or both heels that increases during an activity that involves running or jumping and improves upon rest
  • complaints of a stiffness felt in the feet when first waking up in the mornings

Often times we see the development of Sever’s Disease in children that are beginning a new sport OR those who are starting a new season after a break from the sport.

Diagnosing Sever’s Disease in Children

If you are STILL pretty positive that your child is suffering from Sever’s Disease, what is your next step?picture-of-doctor-for-post-severs-disease-in-children

As expected, I ALWAYS recommend a visit to a podiatric physician (such as myself) or your child’s pediatrician for a verified diagnosis.

At your appointment, you can expect your physician to review your child’s medical history and discuss any changes in recent activity. In addition, your child’s doctor should perform a thorough medical examination of the feet and legs. Radiographs (x-rays) may also be performed to rule out any structural deficiencies or other conditions affecting your child’s foot.

That’s a Wrap

I hope that I have done a good job aiding in your understanding of Sever’s Disease in children… that was my goal (just in case you didn’t know).

The main take-away that I would like you to hold onto is that Sever’s Disease is the #1 cause of heel pain in children, not Plantar Fasciitis (which is the #1 cause of heel pain in adults).

Treatment options for Sever’s Disease do exist and you can read more about them in my article titled “How to Treat Heel Pain – Get Back in the Game“.

If your child is experiencing heel pain, it is essential to determine the cause in order for proper treatment to be implemented in a timely fashion. Hopefully, my article was able to either validate or eliminate Sever’s Disease as the culprit of your child’s pain.

To read about other causes of heel pain in children, CLICK HERE!

As always, I am here and willing to help you. If you have any questions, please feel free to drop a comment below and I will get back with you. In addition, myself (as well as my readers) would love for you to comment on any experience that you have had regarding Sever’s Disease below.

Your Online Foot Expert,

Dr. Misty

Podiatric Physician and Owner/Creator of

Picture of boy resting feet for post heel pain in kids

Heel Pain in Kids – Everything YOU Need to Know

Heel pain in kids is an increasingly common complaint amongst the youngsters of today’s Heel Pain in Kids with Boy Cryingsociety. Often times parents will mistakenly contribute this type of pain to merely “growing pains” and either ignore their child’s cries OR wait to implement treatment believing that this pain will eventually “go away” on its own.

In this article, I will examine heel pain in kids via discussing the symptoms, difference of this pain in adults versus children, causes, diagnostic modalities, treatment options, and prevention.

Common Signs & Symptoms of Heel Pain in Kids

For clarification purposes, I feel it is essential to state that heel pain is NOT a diagnosis nor disease within itself, but rather a symptom. Having this pain potentially indicates that an underlying disease or injury exists.

When a child complains of heel pain, this should alert the parent that a condition is present that deserves their attention.

Signs and symptoms commonly associated with heel problems in children include:

  • Pain in the bottom or back of the heelHeel Pain in Kids with Boy not Participating
  • Walking with a noticeable limp
  • Toe-walking or walking on the toes with body weight lifted off of the heels
  • Increasing desire to sit and “rest” when walking normal, everyday distances
  • Decreasing desire and difficulty participating in usual sporting events and/or activities.

The Difference Between Heel Pain in Kids & Adults

The unknowing parent may inaccurately self-diagnose their child’s heel pain as a condition called Plantar Fasciitis. With a simple google of “heel pain”, hundreds of articles will discuss Plantar Fasciitis as the most common cause of heel pain. However, there is a HUGE difference regarding the cause of heel pain in kids versus that of adults.

Plantar Fasciitis, usually seen in adults, results in pain within the heel that is most prevalent on the first step out of bed in the mornings or when taking a step after an extended period of sitting down. This pain typically improves in intensity upon walking short distances.

Oppositely, heel pain in kids usually feels better after rest and the intensity of the pain is noticed to increase upon walking and activity.

Why is this?

A child’s bones have what we call growth plates, also known as the epiphysis. This area is the location that new bone forms as the child grows until the particular bone reaches its adult size.

picture of growth plate of heel for post heel pain in kids

The epiphysis of the calcaneus (heel bone) is an area that doesn’t fully develop until a child is around 14 years of age or older. This growth plate is located on the back of the heel and is very weak until it becomes adult-sized.

Excessive stress on this area of the heel bone is the primary cause of heel pain in kids.

Causes of Heel Pain in Kids

Because there are a multitude of causes of heel pain in kids and the diagnosis can be quite challenging, a visit to a podiatric physician (like myself) is recommended to determine the cause of the pain and implement an effective mode of treatment.

Some of the most common causes of pediatric heel pain include the following conditions.

Sever’s Disease

Also referred to as Calcaneal Apophysitis, Sever’s Disease is the #1 cause of heel pain in kids.

Misidentified as a “disease”, this condition is actually a result of inflammation occurring within the growth plate of the heel bone. This inflammation is commonly witnessed in our young athletes or obese children due to repetitive stress and muscle strain to the area before the calcaneus (heel bone) is fully formed.

Calcaneal Apophysitis can occur in both feet or just one foot.

Picture of severs disease for post heel pain in kidsThe signs and symptoms associated with this condition tends to include some or all of the following:

  • Tenderness and pain along the back of and/or bottom of the heel when ambulating
  • Pain or tenderness upon a simple touch to the heel that increases when the heel is squeezed
  • Pain in the heel that is intensified by activity and improves with rest
  • Swelling or redness in one or both heels
  • Ambulating with a limp or toe-walking (walking on tip toes)

If interested in learning more about Sever’s Disease, please visit the following two links:

Sever’s Disease in Children – Is it Affecting Your Child’s Game?

How to Treat Heel Pain – Get Back in the Game

Tendo-Achilles Bursitis

There is a natural bursa, fluid-filled sac, located directly between the back of the heel bone and the Achilles Tendon (heel cord). Certain things can cause this bursa to become inflamed. When this occurs, we refer to the condition as Tendo-Achilles Bursitis.

The inflammation of this particular bursa can be a result of multiple scenarios including, but not limited to, direct injury to the heel, inflammatory diseases (such as Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis), or even simply wearing shoes that are poorly cushioned where the shoe touches the back of the heel.

picture of achilles bursitis for post heel pain in kidsSymptoms frequently seen with Tendo-Achilles Bursitis can include the following:

  • Tenderness and pain isolated to the back of the heel
  • Pain along the back of the heel that is intensified by walking, running, or standing on tip-toes
  • Warmth and/or area of redness seen on the skin on the back side of the heel area
  • Pain along the back of the heel that is aggravated by wearing shoe gear that rubs the particular area the pain is present

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles Tendinitis is a condition that we often term as an “overuse syndrome”.

This diagnosis often results in those over the age of 14 (heel bone is fully developed) and is caused by the repetitive nature of running and pounding on hard surfaces usually in sports such as basketball, soccer, and track among others.

picture of achilles tendinitis for post heel pain in kidsSymptoms associated with Achilles Tendinitis include some or all of the following:

  • Pain just above the back of the heel and lower portion of the leg
  • Pain that intensifies with activity and pointing of the toes and improves with rest and the foot in a relaxed state
  • Soreness and stiffness in the back of the heel area that is worse upon rising in the morning
  • Pain along the back of the heel that is aggravated by wearing shoegear that rubs the back-side of the heel.

Plantar Fasciitis

Also categorized as an “overuse syndrome”, Plantar Fasciitis is most commonly seen in adults, but can be seen in children, typically over the age of 14.

The plantar fascia band is a band of tissue that spans the bottom of the foot from the heel all the way to the toes. When this band becomes inflamed, usually due to obesity or overuse, this is termed Plantar Fasciitis.

picture of plantar fasciitis for post heel pain in kidsSymptoms frequently seen with Plantar Fasciitis may include some or all of the following:

  • Sharp pain on the bottom of the heel
  • Pain on the bottom of the heel is most intense on the first step out of bed in the morning and improves some upon walking a bit
  • Pain that increases when standing for extended periods of time


Heel pain in kids may also be the direct result of a fracture (break in the bone). There are two types of fractures (stress fracture and acute fracture) that should be ruled out when heel pain exists.

Stress fractures are typically witnessed in athletic adolescents whom suddenly undergo a change in the level of intensity of workouts.

Acute fractures are seen in a direct injury to the area. Pain and swelling can be immediately correlated to the time of injury.

Diagnosis of Pediatric Heel Pain

A visit to your local podiatrist or other medical professional is essential to diagnose the underlying cause of heel pain in your child.Picture of Foot Exam for Post on Heel Pain in Kids

The examination will begin with questions surrounding your child’s recent activity as well as their medical history. A thorough physical exam of the foot in its entirety as well as the leg will then ensue. Radiographs (x-rays) will often follow and will be utilized to evaluate the bones and structure of the foot as well as to determine the maturity of the bones and whether growth plates are still open.

In some cases, additional studies such as an MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), CT Scan (Computerized Tomography), bone scans, or laboratory testing may be ordered or performed to further assist an accurate diagnosis for the heel pain.

Treatment Options for Heel Pain in Kids

Obviously, the treatment for pediatric heel pain needs to be approached in a manner that eliminates, adjusts, or fixes the root cause of the pain.

Most of the time, treatment modes for heel pain in kids is approached by the level of intensity of the pain and broken down into categories of mild, moderate, and severe pain.

Mild Heel Pain in Kids

  • Reduction in Activity. Immediately stop or reduce whatever activity is generating the pain until the pain no longer exists.
    Picture of boy resting feet for post heel pain in kids
  • Heel Cushions. Implement an added cushion within the shoe which will soften the impact upon the heel when walking or participating in activities. I have found the most success and my pediatric patients rant and rave over the Tuli’s Heavy Duty Heel Cups!

Moderate Heel Pain in Kids

With moderate heel pain, you will want to execute the treatments listed above for mild heel pain in addition to the following recommendations.

  • Medication. Administer ibuprofen or other oral NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) to aid in the reduction of pain and inflammation.
    Picture of Medicine for Post Heel Pain in Kids
  • Physical Therapy. Stretching exercises and/or other modalities of physical therapy may be utilized in order to promote healing of the area(s) of inflammation. Icing the area is a very beneficial form of physical therapy although the heel is a hard area to adequately ice. The ProIce Ankle/Foot Ice Therapy Wrap makes icing the heel a breeze and is what I, personally, recommend to my patients.
  • Orthotics. Often times orthotic devices that are prescribed by your podiatrist and are custom-made for your child’s foot are recommended. The goal behind the use of orthotics is to provide support for the feet and redistribute the ground reaction forces that act upon the joints of the feet while weight-bearing.

Severe Heel Pain in Kids

  • Immobilization. Sometimes, with severe heel pain, aggressive measures such as Picture of Foot in Cast for Post Heel Pain in Kidsimmobilization of the area needs to be implemented in order for the condition to fully resolve. Immobilization may entail either becoming non-weightbearing via the use of crutches or casting. Following the immobilization period, orthotic devices and/or physical therapy modalities are usually implemented to ensure the condition does not return.
  • Surgery. While uncommon, there are times when surgical correction is recommended. This is typically reserved for structural abnormalities within the foot and/or the tendons within in.

For more specific information regarding the treatment of heel pain, feel free to go to my article titled “How to Treat Heel Pain – Get Back in the Game“.

Prevention of Heel Pain in Children

While nothing can 100% guarantee that your child will never develop heel pain, there are certain actions that can be taken to be proactive and minimize their risks.

Some ways to prevent adolescent heel pain include the following:

  • Avoid childhood obesity
  • Purchase shoegear that is well-constructed and provides support to the feet
  • For athletes – Ensure that shoegear worn is appropriate for the particular sport or activity and limit the amount of time that cleated shoes are worn
  • Do not push your child above and beyond their individual physical ability

Take Away on Heel Pain in Kids

Typically, it is the nature of a child to be active and desire to participate in extra-curricular Picture of child playing soccer for post heel pain in kidsevents.

When an adolescent complains of heel pain and it becomes evident that this heel pain is beginning to influence their participation in the usual activities, it is time to take action to determine the cause of the pain and implement the appropriate treatment.

Heel pain in kids is nothing to be ignored and with the proper diagnosis and treatment modalities, a parent can easily have their child pain-free and enjoying life again.

I sincerely hope that you found my article informative and that it will help you to alleviate your child’s heel pain.

If you have ANY questions, or even personal experience with heel pain involving your kids, please feel free to comment below. I am here to help!

Your Online Foot Expert,

Dr. Misty

Podiatric Physician and Owner/Creator of

Diabetes and Foot Pain – Stop Suffering NOW!

As a podiatrist that sees a LOT of patients that suffer from diabetes, I can clearly vouchPicture of Medical Alert Bracelet for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain that diabetes and foot pain go hand-in-hand.

Prior to delving into the causes and control of diabetes and foot pain, I would like to bring light to some staggering facts regarding the prevalence of this multi-faceted disease.

Did you know that:

      • About 30 million people in the United States alone suffer with a diagnosis of diabetes.
      • Approximately 1 in every 10 people over the age of 20 has diabetes and 1 out of 3 has pre-diabetes.
      • Approximately 1 in every 4 people over the age of 65 has diabetes.
      • Nearly 1.5 MILLION new cases of diabetes are reported every year in the United States.

Picture of Needle with Insulin for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain

If you are suffering from diabetes, you are definitely not alone.

Now… on to what you came here to read about: Diabetes and Foot Pain!

Diabetes and the Four Most Common Types of Associated Foot Pain

Typically we see four distinct types of foot pain associated with diabetes:

          • Nerve Pain,Picture of person suffering from Diabetes and Foot Pain
          • Pain due to Circulatory Insufficiencies,
          • Muscle and Joint Pain and
          • Pain from Frequent Infections.

Each of the four categories of pain mentioned above can definitely be caused by alternative conditions unassociated with diabetes, but there is a much higher incidence of these specific types of foot pain in those whom do have this dreadful disease.

I cannot “cure” you or your loved one of diabetes (I wish that was possible), but I can educate and recommend some simple solutions to aid in minimizing and/or eliminating pain associated with foot pain and diabetes.

So… sit back, relax and let’s further discuss each of these four different types of foot pain.

Nerve Pain and Diabetes – Neuropathy

By far the most common contributor to foot pain in a diabetic patient stems from damage Picture of Nerves for post Diabetes and Foot Painto nerves and is termed Peripheral Neuropathy.

Peripheral Neuropathy can further be divided into three subsequent categories with altering signs and symptoms for each category. The three sub-categories of Peripheral Neuropathy include the following:

          • Sensory Neuropathy,
          • Motor Neuropathy and
          • Autonomic Neuropathy.
Sensory Neuropathy

Sensory Neuropathy tends to be the most prevalent cause of pain in individuals suffering with diabetes out of the Peripheral Neuropathies and is therefore the one that we will discuss in the most detail.

Typically, with Sensory Neuropathy we see a direct correlation between high blood sugar over a period of time and an increase in this type of pain. In other words, the more controlled (normal) an individual’s blood sugar is, the less likely that this type of pain will present and/or intensify.

The symptoms of Sensory Neuropathy are very individualized amongst patients but tend to include some form of the following in the feet and/or legs:

      • Burning pain,PICTURE OF BURNING FIRE
      • Tingling,
      • Numbness,
      • Stabbing-type pain and/or
      • Excessive pain that is not proportional to the stimulant (i.e. significant pain from a simple touch).

Most of the time the different types of pain noted above will intensify in the evening and at night. This pain can become very detrimental as it becomes not only an added stressor, but can also affect sleep pattern. As a direct result, blood sugar tends to increase which further stimulates the increase in this type of pain.

Do you see how this could easily spiral out of control?

What can be done for relief of this type of pain?

Picture of a Question Mark for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain

As mentioned earlier, Sensory Neuropathy is extremely individualized with different people experiencing different types of pain at a multitude of intensity levels. With that being said, treatment for this condition is very personalized as well. Particular remedies work for some and not others.

There are ALWAYS going to be oral prescription medications, such as Lyrica and Gabapentin (Neurontin), that are overly prescribed for the treatment of Sensory Neuropathy. While I do have my own reservations on some of these drugs due to significant side effects and the build-up of tolerance it is essential that you or your loved one have an in-depth conversation with the prescribing doctor prior to initiating these for control of pain.

That being said, there are some great alternatives that have worked fabulously on my patients for the control of this type of unnerving pain. Two of my absolute favorites thatPicture of Penetrex Pain Cream for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain can be used in conjunction with one another include:

While the other two types of Peripheral Neuropathy are far less cumbersome, I would like to briefly discuss them for completeness’ sake.

Motor Neuropathy

Motor Neuropathy can contribute to foot pain in a patient with diabetes because of the direct effect of the disease process on the nerves that innervate our muscles.

Picture of Nerve Innervating Muscle for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain

This can cause muscles (typically in the thigh area first) to feel achy and/or weak. Other areas of muscles that are routinely affected are those in the shin area and feet.

As a result of this weakness, walking imbalances can occur. When this happens, we tend to see friction areas occur on the feet due to increased rubbing in the shoe and therefore an increase in callus formation which can become painful.

The goal in the treatment of Motor Neuropathy is to minimize damage to the feet from gait abnormalities via the use of supportive foot inserts and padding.Picture of HappyStep Shoe Insoles for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain

My #1 recommendation for the best supportive inserts is one that my patients say they could not live without:

Autonomic Neuropathy

Lastly, Autonomic Neuropathy can affect the nerves to the parts of our body that lack conscious control.

One example of this includes our sweating mechanism. When an individual’s sweating PICTURE OF DRY CRACKED FEET WITH SEVERE FOOT FUNGUS ON POST WHAT IS FOOT FUNGUSmechanism is altered we may begin to see thickened nails and skin that becomes abnormally dry and cracking which can predispose an individual to bacterial and fungal infections.

I consistently recommend hydrating products for the treatment of Autonomic Neuropathy with great results. These products include oils and diabetic foot cream that routinely condition the feet and are essential in the prevention of the complications of this condition.

A favorite amongst my patients includes the following:

Picture of Foot Cream in Unique Gifts

Diabetes and Foot Pain due to Circulatory Insufficiencies

Circulatory insufficiencies can also be a causative factor for intense pain and diabetic PICTURE OF INCREASED BLOOD FLOWindividuals are at a greater risk for this complication.

For you to better understand how circulatory insufficiencies can lead to pain, especially in diabetics, here is a quick review of the function of our arteries, capillaries and veins which are the primary sub-components of our circulatory system:

      • Arteries
          • Carry oxygenated blood from our heart to nourish our vital organs and tissues.
      • Capillaries
          • Take the oxygenated blood from our arteries directly to the specific tissues and then carries the de-oxygenated blood away from our tissues.
      • Veins
          • Carry de-oxygenated blood from our capillaries back up to our heart to be replenished with new oxygenated blood.

High blood sugars associated with diabetes have a direct impact on the wellness of these arteries, capillaries and veins.


Diabetes, or high blood sugar, accelerate the formation of fatty deposits within our arteries. As a result, the walls of our arteries become thickened and may even begin to develop calcium deposits. As this continues, the lumen (channel with which blood travels) becomes smaller and less blood is able to get through.

Picture of Artery Lumen Blockage for post Diabetes and Foot Pain

This most commonly affects the arteries behind the knee and calf.

Over time, with the shrinking of the lumen, blood flow to the feet can become partially or even totally blocked.

Our tissues require oxygen to survive and when they don’t receive it, an extreme pain ensues. Often times this pain is described as a “strangling” type of pain.


High blood sugars tend to cause our capillaries to become thickened and stiff as well. When this occurs, the capillaries become unable to be as efficient as they should be in delivering the oxygenated and nutrient-rick blood directly to our tissues.

Patients suffering from these phenomena typically experience the similar type of “strangling” pain as associated with arterial insufficiencies.


Our veins carry blood against gravity. In order to be efficient at this, our veins have tiny little valves that help push this blood upward from our feet to our heart.

When our arteries become blocked and are no longer able to handle the associated blood flow, they will sometimes form small channels above the blockage in order to re-direct the blood directly over to the veins.

When this occurs, the veins can become stressed, taking on more blood than they can handle. The result is veins that become swollen and painful.

Eventually, the veins become so full that some of the valves contained within them break. Blood is no longer able to be pushed up against gravity and as a direct result, pools in the feet and legs.

Picture of Venous Valves for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain

This blood pool can cause extreme swelling and, in time, leaking of fluids from the skin. This can create ulcerations, or sores, which usually occurs around the ankle area. These ulcerations are known to be quite painful.

Treatment/Prevention of Vascular Insufficiencies

If you are experiencing any of the signs/symptoms of vascular insufficiency, it is imperative that you see your medical doctor right away. Ulcerations need to be treated immediately and a lack of treatment can cause the condition to quickly get out of control.

Your doctor may recommend support hose, physical therapy, oral medications and a variety of surgical procedures which are extremely successful in improving circulation.

If you have found this article prior to any significant complications arising from vascular compromise, there are some preventative measures that can easily be incorporated into your daily routine in an attempt to avoid these problems.

Some of my recommendations to my own diabetic patients include the following in order to successfully improve circulation and deter the complications that arise with a lack thereof include the following:

Picture of REVITIVE Circulation Booster for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain

Diabetes and Muscle and Joint Pain

Another frequent source of discomfort associated with the feet and legs common in patients with diabetes includes muscle and joint pain.

This type of pain is an indirect consequence of the diabetic neuropathy and circulatory insufficiencies talked about above via walking imbalances.

If you will recall from my section above on Motor Neuropathy, the muscles of the feet and legs can become weak and can even atrophy, or shrink thereby resulting in gait abnormalities. When this occurs, the tendons (which attach the muscle to the bone) can become stiff and contract.

As a direct result, our feet and joints will function in ways that are not intended in an attempt to allow us to remain mobile. They may stiffen in bent positions due to an excess of blood sugar combining with our normal joint proteins. When this occurs, it is termedPICTURE OF FOOT WITH SEVERE ARTHRITIS FOR POST FIBROMYALGIA AND FOOT PAIN diabetic glycosylation.

While this is by no means the only cause of foot deformities such as hammertoes, bunions and bone spurs, diabetic glycosylation of the joints of the feet definitely can be a source of resultant pain, infection and/or ulcerations.

Some strategies that I have had great success with involving my diabetic patients for this particular source of pain include the following:

Diabetes and Foot Pain Associated with Frequent Infections

Due to medical and nutritional alterations that occurs within the body, individuals with diabetes are far more susceptible to fungal, yeast and bacterial infections.

Bacterial Infections

Bacterial infections can show up on any area of the body that becomes irritated, ulcerated or injured and are commonly witnessed on the feet of patients suffering from diabetes.

Signs of a bacterial infection can include one or more of the following:Picture of Infected Ulcer for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain

      • Redness,
      • Warmth,
      • Swelling,
      • Foul Odor,
      • Discharge and/or
      • Pain.

Even if a diabetic patient experiences numbness in the feet due to Sensory Neuropathy, it is commonly reported that they experience pain when a bacterial infection is present.

A bacterial infection can remain isolated to the skin (cellulitis) or can disperse to infect the bone (osteomyelitis).

Bacterial infections can be life-threatening and should be treated as such. If you or your loved one has diabetes and experience any of the signs and/or symptoms of a bacterial infection noted above, you should see your physician immediately.

Fungal or Yeast Infections

Fungus and/or yeast are common causes of many infections in individuals with diabetesPicture of Thick Toenails and are most recognized in the form of Athlete’s Foot or Fungal Toenails.

For a full breakdown of these infections and successful treatment recommendations, please visit the following:

The Prevention of Frequent Infections

To begin, I want to stress that if you are suffering from a bacterial infection and have diabetes, you MUST call your physician immediately. I have seen infections deemed minor become fatal overnight.

If it is a toenail fungus or Athlete’s Foot that you are experiencing, click on the appropriate link above and you will be directed to the absolute, tried-and-true best remedies (as well as anything you might want to know about those conditions). Don’t waste your money on the hundreds of products out there that really just don’t work.

If you want to know the best way to prevent the occurrence of and maximize your ability to fight off infections then you must think about strengthening your immune system.

Risk Factors for Toenail Fungus - Immune System

Some of my recommendations to strengthen the immune system when you have diabetes include the following:Picture of NutriChem Immune Booster for post Diabetes and Foot Pain

In addition, it is essential to understand that not all individuals with diabetes experience pain associated with infections and every diabetic should make it routine to visually and manually inspect their feet every day.

Diabetes and Foot Pain – My Conclusion

If you have made it this far then you can now recognize the correlation between diabetes and foot pain and the extreme importance of prevention and treatment.


I would like to close with a review of the causes of diabetes and foot pain and also provide a little insight on my #1 recommendation for the prevention/treatment of each.

Nerve Pain
  • Sensory Neuropathy
    • Penetrex Pain Relief Cream – My patients swear by this product for neuropathy pain!
      • Apply anywhere you experience pain, discomfort, burning, tingling, and/or numbness.

Picture of Penetrex Pain Cream for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain

  • Motor Neuropathy

Picture of HappyStep Shoe Insoles for Post Diabetes and Foot Pain

  • Autonomic Neuropathy
    • O’Keeffe’s for Healthy Feet Foot Cream
      • Apply daily to the feet.
      • Contains a high concentration of glycerin in order to draw in and retain moisture, which is essential for healthy, hydrated skin.
      • Contains Allantoin which helps to penetrate the thick, rough skin on the feet.
Picture of Foot Cream in Unique GiftsPain from Circulatory Insufficiencies

Picture of Revitive Circulation Booster

Joint and Muscle Pain
    • Miko Shiatsu Foot Massager
      • Provides deep kneading, gentle vibrating, rolling, and heat features with pressure settings that have the ability to target multiple pressure points to ensure relaxing pain relief.

Picture of Miko Shiatsu Foot Massager for post Diabetes and Foot Pain

Pain Associated with Frequent Infections
    • NutriChem Immune Booster
      • Strengthens our natural defense mechanisms and immunity function.
      • Eliminates toxins that cause weakening of the immune system.
      • Contains an unsurpassed combination of super foods, herbs, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.

Picture of NutriChem Immune Booster for post Diabetes and Foot Pain

I appreciate you taking the time to read this article. I want you to know that I truly am here to help you. Should you have any questions over any of the material presented in this article OR any other condition related to the feet please do not hesitate to comment below.


Dr. Misty

Podiatric Physician and Owner/Creator of

Fibromyalgia and Foot Pain – MUST READ!

Have you been diagnosed with OR just believe that you are suffering from Fibromyalgia?

How are Fibromyalgia and foot pain related?PICTURE OF FEET FOR POST FIBROMYALGIA AND FOOT PAIN

As a podiatric physician, I can vouch that most patients that I see that have been diagnosed with Fibromyalgia have some form of pain within the feet.

Also… on numerous occasions I have actually diagnosed Fibromyalgia on patients that present to my office with a primary complaint of foot pain.

So… to me, Fibromyalgia and foot pain go hand-in-hand.

We, in the medical community, must not be quick to disregard this diagnosis with a patient that presents with atypical, non-specific foot pain.

The need to delve deeper into Fibromyalgia and foot pain is present and essential.

With foot pain being so prevalent among those with this often-misunderstood disorder, also referred to as FMS, I believe that it is vital that we understand Fibromyalgia and exactly how it correlates with many types of foot pain.

Fibromyalgia and Foot Pain – What Exactly is Fibromyalgia Syndrome?

Got chronic pain?

FMS is actually one of the most common conditions associated with chronic pain with over 5 million people in the United States alone being affected.


With that being said, the journey that one goes through until an adequate diagnosis of Fibromyalgia Syndrome is made can be quite frustrating as most patients whom suffer from this often misdiagnosed condition are usually at their wits-end, have suffered from chronic pain for years and are desperate for relief.PICTURE OF FIBROMYALGIA RIBBON FOR POST FIBROMYALGIA AND FOOT PAIN

So… what exactly is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia = pain.

It is not your typical pain, but a chronic, widespread type of pain that can best be described as an exaggerated tenderness.

Typically, a diagnosis of FMS must be considered when one presents with the following:

  • Chronic Pain – This generally means that the pain has been present for a minimum of 3 months or longer.
  • Widespread Pain – Pain is usually generalized and felt throughout both the upper and lower body. While this should be a tell-tale clue towards a diagnosis of Fibromyalgia, this is only the case with the majority. The actual symptoms of this condition may vary considerably from one person to the next with some exhibiting the majority of their pain in specific body areas such as the shoulder, neck or feet.
  • Increased Pain Sensitivity – Do you experience a lot of pain with even the smallest amount of pressure? This exaggerated pain response should definitely raise a red flag for a diagnosis of Fibromyalgia. In other words… people with this condition are more aware of pain that others would usually ignore. There is a decreased pain tolerance and an increased sensitivity to pain.
  • Cyclic Pain – Fibromyalgia symptoms are usually expressed as an atypical pain that varies in intensity with the typical patient experiencing both “good days” and “bad days”. Upon further investigation, one can usually correlate an increase in symptoms directly with an increase in physical activity and/or stress.

Can you see why Fibromyalgia is so frequently misdiagnosed?

Physicians are often so quick to want to provide a typical diagnosis and treatment for pain that often important components, such as the overall well-being of the patient and actual triggers and frequency of pain, are easily missed.

Why Do I Believe That There Is A Definitive Correlation Between Fibromyalgia And Foot Pain?

Studies show that over half of individuals suffering from Fibromyalgia have foot pain; PICTURE OF WORDS FIBROMYALGIA AND FOOT PAINhowever, I strongly believe that this is an under-estimate considering the large amounts of patients that I have seen with foot pain and personally diagnosed with FMS who were previously misdiagnosed.

If I had to make a guess on the relationship between Fibromyalgia and foot pain I would go as far to say that about 75% (3 out of 4) of patients with Fibromyalgia experience some form of pain within the feet.

Why do I believe this?

There are two important facts that lead me to the conclusion that there is a definitive correlation between Fibromyalgia and foot pain.

1. Because individuals that suffer from FMS have an increased sensitivity to pain, I tend to see that when a patient with this condition presents with a foot ailment, we are catching this ailment at a much earlier stage as compared to one that presents without fibromyalgia with the same complaints.

In other words, as stated above, a patient with Fibromyalgia experiences pain with a foot condition that would not normally be advanced enough to cause pain in a disease-free individual.

For more on this see the case study below.

2. One of the recommendations for the treatment of Fibromyalgia is increased physicalPICTURE OF WALKING FOR EXERCISE FOR POST FIBROMYALGIA AND FOOT PAIN activity, such as walking. This proves to create a vicious cycle in one already struggling with Fibromyalgia.


Well… as one begins to increase physical activity with exercise, our feet naturally tend to get abused.

Whether this abuse is due to inadequate shoe gear, a minute gait abnormality OR just the stress and strain from increased requirements and load on the feet, an individual without Fibromyalgia tends to adapt to these new requirements of the feet.

However, in persons with Fibromyalgia, these newly introduced expectations of the feet tend to lead to the enhanced development of some form of foot pain.

Fibromyalgia and Foot Pain: A Case Study

One recollection of an example of the correlation between fibromyalgia and foot pain includes a specific diagnosis of arthritis in the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint with two separate patients that I recently saw in the same day at my office.

Just for clarification purposes… below is an x-ray of a foot with no foot deformity at the involved joint.


On to the case study…

Patient A reports to my office with fluctuating pain in her foot. Some days it is a 1 out of 10 with 10 being the worst and other days it is a 7.

X-rays showed the following:


Just in case you aren’t an expert at reading x-rays (as I suspect you aren’t) there is very minimal joint deformity noted as compared to the normal x-ray above.

Also,… the physical appearance of any joint deformity is predominantly absent.


In simpler terms, you would not expect this patient to be having the amount of pain as described.

In addition, upon further questioning, patient A reports the following:

  • Sensitivity to touch,
  • Problems sleeping,
  • Generalized fatigue,
  • Problems thinking clearly,
  • Stress,
  • Anxiety,
  • Mild depression and
  • Headaches.

In walks patient B.


As you can see above, patient B has significant, visible deformity and upon taking x-rays I see the following:


Patient B reports a consistent daily pain of 3 out of 10 on a scale of 1 to 10 with 10 being the worst.

Patient B denies all the following:

  • Problems sleeping,
  • Generalized fatigue,
  • Problems thinking clearly,
  • Stress,
  • Anxiety,
  • Mild depression and
  • Headaches.

Upon speculation of a diagnosis of Fibromyalgia, patient A is sent to a specialist for further testing. The diagnosis is confirmed… Patient A has FMS.PICTURE OF FEET FOR POST FIBROMYALGIA AND FOOT PAIN

You can easily see from this one case study that the correlation between Fibromyalgia Syndrome and enhanced foot pain is confirmed.

To clarify… I do NOT want to continue boring you with case-study after case-study, but I see examples just like this literally all the time!

Fibromyalgia and Foot Pain – The Solution

We have clearly identified the problem of a relationship between Fibromyalgia and foot pain; so, what is the solution?

That is easy to answer… control and treat the Fibromyalgia.

That is much easier said than done, right?

How do you do that?

It took me years and years to find the most effective way of treating FMS.

I have not only prescribed numerous prescriptions that were developed specifically for this condition, but also consulted numerous specialists to no avail.

I can FINALLY say with confidence that I have found THE ABSOLUTE BEST WAY TO MANAGE FIBROMYALGIA and foot pain, and; it doesn’t even require a prescription!


This “magic solution” to treat the symptoms of Fibromyalgia and foot pain is routinely recommended by the Fibromyalgia experts and is all that I recommend to my patients for the treatment of their fibromyalgia and foot pain.

My treatment, that has worked wonders, for many, many, many of my patients consists of one amazing product: Turmeric Curcumin with Bioperine by BioSchwartz.

The Benefits of Turmeric Curcumin with Bioperine by BioSchwartz for the Treatment of Fibromyalgia and Foot Pain

Let’s face reality… the treatment of Fibromyalgia and foot pain is very difficult.

Most supplements used for many situations do NOT do what they say they are going to do.PICTURE OF TURMERIC CURCUMIN WITH BIOPERINE BY BIOSCHWARTZ FOR TREATMENT OF FIBROMYALGIA AND FOOT PAIN

But… what if I told you that there is an all-natural supplement that has the ability to cure chronic pain?

Well… there surely is and I see Turmeric Curcumin with Bioperine by BioSchwartz positively working on my personal patients to fight the chronic pain associated with Fibromyalgia every single day!

Let’s take a glimpse of the benefits of Turmeric Curcumin with Bioperine by BioSchwartz.

  • Prevents chronic discomfort/pain in feet and within the body as a whole,
  • Relieves joint pain throughout the body,
  • Reduces inflammation,
  • Reduces skin dryness,
  • Boosts memory and brain function,
  • Improves digestion,
  • Promotes cardiovascular health,
  • Enhances immune and nervous systems,
  • Enhances mood,
  • Boosts energy and
  • All-natural with no side effects.

Sound too good to be true? Try it for yourself now… you will NOT be disappointed.PICTURE OF MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

I can personally guarantee you that this product really DOES work for fibromyalgia pain, but if for any reason you aren’t 100% satisfied with your purchase, there is a 100% money-back guarantee. You have NO excuse.

If you suffer from chronic pain due to Fibromyalgia, do something about it and ORDER THIS PRODUCT NOW!

Fibromyalgia and Foot Pain – The Conclusion

If you are struggling with Fibromyalgia and foot pain then STOP now!

There is absolutely no reason to be fighting this condition when the absolute best solution is simply one click away!

Fibromyalgia and foot pain are debilitating when combined and when left untreated can significantly and negatively impact your life.

Order this amazing product now… don’t continue to suffer!


I hope that I have helped you understand Fibromyalgia and how it relates to foot pain. I truly do want to help you! Should you have any questions regarding this article, or really anything to do with the feet, please feel free to comment below. My readers and I would also love to hear what you have tried in an attempt to relieve pain resulting from Fibromyalgia and how it worked!

Your Online Foot Expert,

Dr. Misty

Podiatric Physician and Owner/Creator of

Toe Separators for Overlapping Toes

Summer time is quickly approaching.

Are you ready to bare your feet OR are you in panic mode wondering what you can do to minimize the appearance of ugly, overlapping toes?


No worries… if you do fall into that latter category and are suffering from crooked toes, I can help!

Did you know that there are non-surgical options to achieve better-looking, healthier feet… even if you are already suffering from crooked, overlapping toes?

Below, I would like to discuss not only the benefits of a little product called a toe separator, but also recommend my absolute favorite toe separators for overlapping toes.PICTURE OF HIDING FEET FOR POST TOE SEPARATORS FOR OVERLAPPING TOES

You will be amazed at how such a small, economical device can, over time, save you from not only the embarrassment of being blessed with imperfect feet but also relieve the pain and complications associated with overlapping toes from conditions such has corns and calluses, hammertoes, bunions and many other foot deformities.

Why Do Our Toes Become Crooked and/or Overlap?

We have already established your problem… crooked, overlapping toes.

Before we establish what toe separators are and how they are used to correct overlapping toes, you need some background on exactly how and why you develop crooked, bent toes.

Let’s think about this…

Most of us wear tight shoes the majority of the time… which, by the way, is the most common culprit of toe deformities.

Let me explain…

When our feet are crammed into most shoegear, it forces our toes to bend. This bending places and holds our toes at unnatural angles.


Over time, these unnatural, bent angles force the tendons and ligaments of the toes to accept these new angles as “normal” and they begin to contract, or shorten and permanently assume this new, deformed position.

As a result of the tendons becoming too short and tight, the development of not only foot deformities such as hammertoes and bunions but also painful corns and calluses begins to prosper.

Well… the solution to your problem is a little product called a toe separator.

What are Toe Separators and How are They Used for Overlapping Toes?


Toe separators are small devices made of medical-grade gel that, when placed between the toes, have the ability to spread, stretch and exercise the joints, ligaments, tendons and muscles of the toes via lifting and separating them.

This, in turn, stimulates the toes to “uncurl” and will reverse many years of damage to your feet by re-structuring your feet to their original alignment.

How can this be possible?

With the use of toe spacers/separators, your feet are held in a more anatomically correct alignment.

With consistent use of toe separators, over time, the intrinsic muscles, tendons and ligaments that were once forced to contract are gently stretched, slowly lengthened and any adhesions that were formed are broken down.

This increase in strength and flexibility encourages the toes to uncurl thus minimizing notPICTURE OF BEFORE AND AFTER USE OF TOE SEPARATORS FOR OVERLAPPING TOES only the appearance of crooked toes and other foot deformities via assuming a more natural, optimal shape, but also reverses the numerous complications that result from these deformities.

Our feet are now able to resume their more natural position which makes walking and other physical activity far more comfortable.

Sounds pretty amazing, right?

I mean… we are talking about a safe, simple, cost-effective and natural, non-surgical solution to fight the appearance of ugly feet and toes!

You absolutely cannot beat that!


What are the Benefits of Utilizing Toe Separators for Overlapping Toes?

With the recent craze over toe separators for overlapping toes, more and more studies have been performed on the effectiveness and benefits of their use.EXCELLENT

Initially, toe separators were typically viewed as a money-making gimmick, but… after researching the effects and benefits of the long-term use of these simplistic products, they have gained much respect within the medical community and now are often recommended by not only podiatrists, like me, but by many professionals in all fields of medicine.

Some benefits found via the use of toe separators for overlapping toes include, but are not limited to, the following (in no particular order):

  • Prevents toe pain caused by the toes rubbing against one another
  • Relieves general foot pain via toe strengthening
  • Prevents the formation of corns caused by constant friction when the toes rub against each other
  • Improves the overall appearance of the feet (the aesthetics of foot structure)
      • Aids in the correction and prevention of foot deformities such as hammertoes and bunions, among others by improving the function of the intrinsic muscles of the feet and toes
      • Realigns joints and straightens bent toes by increasing the flexibility and length of the toes
  • Improves balance
  • Improves gait cycle (the way that you walk)
  • Improves posture by improving “grounding” of the feet
    • Allows the planting of all toes on the floor which enables you to stand upright without tension or strain
  • Improves circulation to the feet and toes

What Conditions can Toe Separators Actually Help to Treat?

Toe separators were designed primarily to help with painful conditions such as bunions,PICTURE OF PERSON WALKING ON BEACH FOR POST TOE SEPARATORS FOR OVERLAPPING TOES hammertoes, claw toes, and mallet toes which cause the toes to bend and curl at unnatural angles, but when a portion of the foot is out of alignment, we have found that the whole body suffers.

One small toe deformity negatively impacts your ability to simply walk, jog, run and participate in any other physical activities without pain.

Did you know that improper “grounding” of the toes also wreaks havoc on your gait cycle (the way that you walk) as well as your body’s capability to bear weight?

Believe it or not… our toes can have a major impact on our whole body!

Having stated all of this, when you look at the big picture, toe separators can have a dramatic, positive influence on our bodies in its entirety both directly and indirectly.

The deformities in which toe separators have a direct influence on correcting include thePICTURE OF BUNION AND HAMMERTOES FOR POST TOE SEPARATORS FOR OVERLAPPING TOES following:

  • Hammertoes
  • Mallet toes
  • Claw toes
  • Bunions

The conditions which can indirectly benefit from the use of toe separators are:

  • Corns,
  • Blisters,
  • Ingrown toenails,
  • Neuromas,
  • Metatarsalgia,
  • Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Pain),
  • Arthritis,
  • Abnormal gait cycle,
  • Shin Splints,
  • Knee pain and injury,
  • Hip pain,
  • Back pain and injury,
  • Poor posture,
  • Balance issues and
  • Poor circulation.

Why Use Toe Separators for Overlapping Toes?

If you look at the treatment options for overlapping toes, you will be surprised at the lack of options available.PICTURE SHOWING THAT TOE SEPARATORS FOR OVERLAPPING TOES IS BETTER THAN SURGERY

Basically, you will find that two options for treatment are currently available: surgery or toe separators.

Why on Earth would you succumb to surgical correction when there is a much easier alternative out there?

The main reasons that I, as a podiatrist, recommend toe separators for overlapping toes over surgery include the following:

  • Simplicity – Toe separators are comfortable and very easy to use.


  • Affordability – When you compare the cost of my absolute favorite toe separators, YogaBody Awesome Toes! Corrective Spacers, at a mere price of $24.99 to all the costs associated with surgery, you can easily see that these toe separators are the most cost-efficient option for the treatment of overlapping toes.

Picture of dollar signs signaling high cost

  • Economical – For the price noted above, you receive two pairs of YogaBody Awesome Toes! Corrective Spacers each in a separate size to ensure a perfect fit. Each pair is completely reusable and will last year after year.


  • Safety Factor – When you consider the risks associated with surgical correction, you can easily see why toe separators for overlapping toes are extremely less risky and a much safer alternative for treatment.


  • Flexibility – Toe Separators can be used daily with no side effects. In addition, while most toe separators, such as YogaToes GEMS, are made to be worn solely without shoes, YogaBody Awesome Toes! Corrective Spacers are made to be worn both with and without shoes which allows you the convenience of treating your deformities literally whenever you want.


  • Fashionable

 How are Toe Separators for Overlapping Toes Used?

Some toe separators are made to be worn while ambulating, or walking, therefore holding your toes in place while wearing shoegear, and others are made to be used while relaxing and non-weightbearing.

My favorite toe separators, YogaBody Awesome Toes! Corrective Spacers, can be worn while walking or relaxing thereby increasing the functionality of the product!

When I recommend toe separators to my patients, I give them very specific instructions.

Initially, I suggest a very slow start. You will have to get your feet accustomed to functioning in an anatomically correct alignment.PICTURE OF EASE OF USE OF TOE SEPARATORS FOR OVERLAPPING TOES

1. At first, wear your toe separators about 15 minutes per day. Should you notice any discomfort such as pain or cramping, decrease this time by 5 minute intervals.

2. Repeat this time interval daily for one week and then increase the time worn per day to 30 minutes.

3. As long as no discomfort is experienced, repeat daily for one week and then increase the wear time to 45 minutes per day.

4. Continue this cycle of increasing the time interval worn by 15 minutes on a weekly basis.

For best results, you want to gradually increase the time worn to a minimum of one hour per day. Some of my patients have worked up to wearing their toe separators for four + hours daily with drastic improvements in their deformities.

Final Thoughts on Toe Separators for Overlapping Toes

Suffering from crooked, bent toes is not only embarrassing and possibly painful, but it can affect the efficiency of the way your whole body functions.

Why suffer from this condition when there is an easy, safe and affordable solution to your problem?

The benefits of the use of toe separators for overlapping toes has been proven not only via research but I have witnessed them with my own eyes on hundreds of my personal patients.

Stop fighting ugly, bent toes and invest in the best toe separators for overlapping toes now!


The quicker you click to buy, the quicker you will be on your way to happy, healthy feet!

I hope that you have gained the knowledge that you were searching for in reading this article. I am ALWAYS here to help… it is what I love doing. Should you have any questions, experience with overlapping toes, or have products that you love for this condition, please feel free to comment below.

Your Online Foot Expert,

Dr. Misty

Podiatric Physician and Owner/Creator of

Have Something YOU are Passionate About? – Learn How to Build a Website for Free

Do you have a niche, or topic, that YOU are passionate about?PICTURE OF A SIGN TO LEARN HOW TO BUILD A WEBSITE FOR FREE

Would YOU like to have a little piece of internet real estate to educate or entertain others about these topics?

Let’s face it… anyone that is passionate about a topic would LOVE to be able to monetize on their personal creation of a website that exists solely to discuss anything and everything about their said topic!

I mean… who wouldn’t want to be their own boss AND get an extra paycheck each month in doing so?

PROBLEM: How do you create a website when you know NOTHING about website development AND will it cost a fortune to attempt this?

Let me say this…

If you have the right tools and step-by-step guidance, the development of a website is actually significantly easier than one would think AND with the program that I used you can achieve all of this at a cost of $0.00.


Yes… YOU can learn how to build a website for free!

How to Build a Website for Free – Why I did this!

I would like to take a moment and share with my readers just how and why I built my first website

Below is a screenshot of part of one of my posts on my very own website!


I created my initial website ( to educate people on conditions involving the feet and to recommend products that I absolutely know work in order to save them both time and money.

As a podiatrist, I became frustrated at the void of educational information on the internet that would also lead readers to products that actually worked for their conditions.

MOST sites that I visited simply recommended products that the creator had NO personal experience with.

It was quite obvious to me that these creators were simply putting products out there in hopes of making money by selling these products via affiliate marketing.

I found this very discouraging. Why take advantage of these poor people who were truly searching for answers to their ailments?

I decided… enough is enough. I knew that I HAD to create my own website.Thinking About Toenail Fungus

Initially, this came across as a little humorous.

I mean… I am a podiatrist. I knew NOTHING about developing websites and the internet!

In addition,… I did not want to invest tons of money into my new little uptaking as I was unsure of how the information that I presented would be accepted by the online world.

I needed to learn how to build a website for free!

I Found Exactly What I Was Searching For… A Place that Taught Me How to Build a Website for Free

I searched and searched and searched some more!

Surely there was a step-by-step-guide to building a website. I mean… you can find literally EVERYTHING else on the internet.

Why would this be an exception?

I could sit here and tell you in great detail about ALL of the on-line programs that promised a resolution to my desire of building a website, but I don’t want to waste your time describing these insignificant offers as I found that the majority were just scams.PICTURE OF WEALTHY AFFILIATE SQUARE ON POST HOW TO BUILD A WEBSITE FOR FREE

However, … I do want to say that after WEEKS of searching for real answers and a solution, I ran across the PERFECT little community that would soon be my dwelling place for this upcoming challenge AND I would like to tell you more about it.

After all, … this community really did teach ME how to build a website for free (no credit card required) AND I have the website to prove it!

If YOU are Wondering How to Build a Website for Free then Wealthy Affiliate is the Answer!

Your SOLUTION: Wealthy Affiliate… what is that? (Keep reading…)

Wealthy Affiliate is the online platform that taught me how to build a website for free… it can teach you too!

Within Wealthy Affiliate (WA), you will find not only a complete step-by-step guide of EVERYTHING that you need to do to get your website up and running, BUT you will also learn how to drive traffic to your website and make money!


This is all accomplished via a step-by-step certification course filled with lesson upon lesson describing EXACTLY what to do.

In addition, you will find an entire community of website developers at your beck-and-call! Some of these people are multi-millionaires folks AND they are there to help YOU!!!

Other Than Teaching You How to Build a Website for Free, What Else Will Wealthy Affiliate Do For You?


The BENEFITS of joining this vast community called Wealthy Affiliate are numerous!

You will not only learn how to build a website for FREE (without even having to enter any credit card information), but you will also extensively learn all the following:

  • How to make money online
  • Help choosing a great topic or niche (if you don’t already have one in mind)
  • Exactly how to set up and build your own website
  • How to prepare your site for search engines (how you can have your website pop up in search results when people google keywords related to the topics contained within your website)
  • How to pick the best keywords and utilize them within your content
  • How to create quality content for your website that will lure readers in
  • How to set up easy-to-navigate, custom menus on your website

Does this sound absolutely amazing to you?

Guess what… it gets better! All the above is absolutely FREE!

If you know of any other place or training that provides this sort of comprehensive training on how to build a website for FREE then PLEASE comment below because I can tell you with absolute certainty that there is NO training out there that provides this amount of information for FREE!

Trust me… I looked!

How to Build a Website for Free – Is There a Catch?

Nope… no catch!

Again, trust me… when I initially looked into Wealthy Affiliate, I kept waiting for a catch.

ALL of the above information is really broken down into 10 simple, free lessons that teaches you in a super-easy, step-by-step guide exactly how to build a website for FREE.


When you finish these 10 fabulous lessons and have your website up and running, you then have a choice.

You can continue to build your website utilizing the valuable information contained within the 10 free lessons which is definitely possible and there are many success stories of those who have done this OR you can OPT-in for additional lessons which is referred to as a premium membership.

I want to stress though… don’t let the idea of having an option to become a premium member fool you into thinking that you found the catch. You do NOT have to become a premium member AND you can still build a viable website for free and monetize on it!

What is Involved in Signing Up with Wealthy Affiliate and Learning How to Build a Website for Free?

Becoming a free member of Wealthy Affiliate and learning how to build a website for free is super easy.

In fact, there are only THREE steps.

First, you just have to CLICK HERE!


Upon doing so, you will reach a page that looks like the image below! Yes… that is me!


When you see this welcome page you will know that you are at the only place that REALLY teaches you how to build a website for FREE!

Second, just fill in the following:

Third, simply click the box labeled “Create your FREE account“.

That is it guys and gals!

After following those THREE easy steps, you will be provided with everything you need to know and be provided with the tools to learn how to build a website for FREE!

How to Build a Website for Free – Are There Any Pitfalls to Wealthy Affiliate?

I have racked my brain to give you the most honest and open review of Wealthy Affiliate and I can factually state that there is NOTHING negative about Wealthy Affiliate.

Go check it out yourself… did I say it was FREE lol? You have NOTHING to lose.

There is absolutely NO excuse. You are given EVERYTHING you need to do just what you are searching for (how to build a website for free)!


Again, I want to be fully transparent. Creating a website does take time and dedication, but that is not really a negative… I mean, you are building a website for goodness sake!

So… if you are up to the task of putting in the time and devotion to your new little piece of online real estate in order to be your own boss and earn some extra cash flow, then there is no better place than Wealthy Affiliate!

How to Build a Website for Free – Wealthy Affiliate Success Stories

I, personally, am one of the success stories of Wealthy Affiliate.

Wealthy Affiliate taught me EVERYTHING that I needed to create my own website (

But… don’t just take my word for it!

There are hundreds of success stories associated with Wealthy Affiliate.


Final Words – If You Are Really Wanting to Learn How to Build a Website for FREE then Wealthy Affiliate is Your Solution!

What are you waiting for?

You are only steps away from your little gold mine, and… you have literally NOTHING to lose.

The ONLY way that you could fail is by not clicking HERE now and setting up your FREE Wealthy Affiliate account.

I am so thankful and glad that I did and you will be too!


If you have ANY questions or concerns, I truly am here to help you just as someone helped me! Just comment below and I will be more than happy to aid in any way that I can.


Dr. Misty

Podiatric Physician & Owner/Founder of


Corn vs. Callus – Everything You Need To Know

Are you struggling with one or more area(s) of thick skin on your feet or toes?

Are you trying to figure out what is causing this annoying and sometimes painful condition to occur?

As a podiatrist, I can tell you that this is a VERY common ailment that I see routinely in my practice.


In this article, I would like to break down the difference of a corn vs. callus and give you a multitude of information on each so that we can have your feet both looking and feeling better in no time.

Here are the topics that I will be discussing. You can simply clink on the link to move directly to your area of interest.

All you have to do is read, so… sit back, put your reading glasses on and get ready to enjoy my post on “Corn vs. Callus – Everything You Need To Know”!

Corn vs. Callus – A Quick Overview

You hear people talking about corns and calluses all of the time (or at least I do anyways), so… what is the difference?


Let me begin by saying that corns and calluses are very similar as they are both areas of thick, dead skin caused by friction and/or pressure.

In addition, both a corn or a callus may or may not be painful.

The determinants between a corn vs. callus come down to simply the appearance and the location, or part of the body, where this friction or pressure has caused your (overly-annoying and often painful) thick skin to occur.


Both corns and calluses are more common in people who have sweaty feet, stand for long periods at a time and wear ill-fitting shoe gear.

Statistically, women are more affected with corns and calluses versus men.

Corn vs. Callus – Let’s Talk About Location

As stated above, you can quite simply determine if you are suffering from a corn vs. callus primarily by the area of the body that is affected.

A corn typically occurs solely on the toes.PICTURE OF CORN ON TOE FOR POST CORN VS CALLUS

When a corn occurs within the webspaces (area of skin between the toes), we typically call the corn a soft corn. Corns located on the tops of your toes are usually referred to as a hard corn.

PICTURE OF CALLUS FOR POST CORN VS. CALLUSA callus, on the other hand, routinely surfaces on the hands or feet (excluding the toes).

The most common locations for calluses to occur on the feet include the bottom of the heels and below the bony areas of the balls of the feet.

So… are there any other differences between a corn vs. callus other than simply location?

Yes!!! Keep reading! (:

Corn vs. Callus – The Differences in Appearance

While corns and calluses, at first glance, usually seem to be very similar in appearance, if you look a little closer, you will see some very obvious differences in a corn vs. callus.

Both types of corns are typically smaller in size than calluses.

They are generally circular in shape and have a clearly defined center. Depending on the type of corn, this center can be hard or soft.

Soft corns (remember… these are corns located on the skin between the toes) usuallyPICTURE OF SOFT CORN BETWEEN TOES WITH LABEL ON POST CORN VS. CALLUS have the most distinct characteristics between the three.

Soft corns, while still comprised of thick skin, typically have a more moist, whitish appearance to them.

Upon touch… they distinguish a soft, rubbery feel (hence the name “soft corn”).

Most of the time, these soft corns can mimic an open sore as the skin is built up around its edges and tends to “crater” in the middle of the lesion.

Hard corns, (located on the top of the toes) on the other hand, appear as a firm, thickPICTURE OF HARD CORN ON TOE WITH LABEL ON POST CORN VS. CALLUS build-up of dry, or dead, skin.

These corns are usually small in size, round in shape and well-defined.

Usually, if you really inspect closely, you will see a ring within the hard corn.

The outside edges of this ring are typically soft and yellow, while the inside portion of the ring is very hard and gray.

It is typical to find inflamed, or red skin, surrounding the corn.

Calluses (located on the hands and anywhere else on the feet) give the impression ofPICTURE OF CALLUS ON HEEL WITH LABEL FOR POST CORN VS. CALLUS simply hard, dry and thick skin.

A callus can portray a mildly grayish, palish or yellowish color; but, this is not always the case.

Upon running your hand over a callus, you may feel a lumpy texture about the skin.

Larger in size (bigger and wider) than corns, calluses tend to vary in shape and its edges are ill-defined.

Corn vs. Callus – Which One Hurts Worse?

As stated above, both a corn and a callus may or may not be painful when pressure is applied to the lesion.

We do typically see, however, that pain is more common and usually more intense with aPICTURE OF THE WORD OUCH FOR POST CORN VS. CALLUS corn vs. callus.

This pain, when present, also typically exhibits a different behavior in a corn vs. callus.

When a corn is palpated (or pressure is applied), if pain is present, the highest amount of pain is directly over the lesion… on top of the thick skin.

With a callus, on the other hand, pain is usually the greatest on palpation of the surrounding skin and less intense directly on top of the thick skin.

Corn vs. Callus – Summary Chart


Corn vs. Callus – Why Do They Form?

To begin, corns and calluses are not caused by a virus or bacteria and are NOT contagious.

So… how and why do we get them?

While the location and appearance of a corn vs. callus definitely reveal differences amongst the two, the causes of both corns and calluses are identical (with a small addition to the soft corn).

All corns and calluses, as briefly stated above, are caused by the culprit of repeated frictionPICTURE OF SANDPAPER or pressure on a particular area of skin.

This pressure (and/or friction) results in direct damage to the skin that it is imposed on.

Our bodies react to this imposition and respond to the damage.

Essentially, in its attempt to address and repair the damage, it protectively creates a hard surface over the area which we term a corn or callus.

Because soft corns are located between the toes and this area of our feet typically stays more moist due to trapped sweat, we typically see a softening of the once hard core in soft corns.

What Causes A Corn vs. Callus?

Anything that can cause friction or pressure to your skin can cause both a corn or callus.

Typically, calluses on the hands are caused from pressure by any repetitive handling of aPICTURE OF PERSON PLAYING TENNIS tool or object.

Some examples of these can include a gardening hoe, hammer, tennis racket and lifting weights.

Some causes of corns and calluses on the feet can include the following:

  • Footwear
    • Shoes that are too tight and cause pressure
    • Shoes that are too high-heeled and cause pressure on the sole of the foot
    • Shoes that are too loose and cause friction
    • An exaggerated seam within a shoe that causes friction
  • Socks that do not fit well or the absence of socks
  • Walking barefoot regularly as the skin will naturally thicken to protect itself
  • Foot deformities – bunions, hammertoes, claw toes, mallet toes, bumps caused by Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Repeated actions – pressure due to sports, jogging or walking
  • Abnormal gait (odd way of walking)
  • Bone structure – flat feet or bone spurs
  • Advanced age – less padding on the balls of the feet

Corns vs. Callus – How Shoes Can Make An Impact?

While some causes of corns and calluses are unpreventable, there are some things that we CAN do to minimize our risks of developing these annoying conditions… especially when it comes to shoes!

I have summarized several ways to eliminate the risk of corns and calluses directly due to shoe gear below!

Only buy properly fitting shoes.

When making a shoe purchase at your preferred shoe store, it is essential to have BOTHPICTURE OF A SHOE MEASURER FOR POST CORN VS. CALLUS feet professionally measured in BOTH length and width in order to ensure the proper size selection.

ALWAYS try BOTH shoes on and walk around the store!

You should ensure that the end of the shoe is no closer than a half of an inch to your longest toe.

Can you wiggle your toes? If not… the shoe is simply too tight.

Shop for new shoes at the end of the day.


Our feet naturally swell throughout the day.

To avoid the issue of your shoes becoming too tight in the evenings, you want to ensure that you purchase shoes that will accommodate for this.

Be smart with your shoe style.

Avoid shoes with extremely high heels and sharply pointed toes.PICTURE OF POINTED HIGH HEEL SHOE

Wear as low of a heel as possible!

If you MUST wear this style of shoe for work… minimize the damage by investing in a nice pair of athletic shoes to wear to and from work (and on your lunch break) to give your feet a break from all of the added pressure points that heels cause.

Also, if you have structural foot deformities, make sure that you will select a style of shoe that will accommodate for this.

For example, if you have hammertoes (a condition in which the toes buckle up), make sure that the shoe that you select either has a toe box with extra depth to it OR a toe box that is constructed of flexible material that will move with your deformity.

Watch the “wear” pattern on the soles of your shoes.

As you put the miles on your shoes, eventually the internal lining and soles can wear down.

When this occurs, the ability for our shoes to act as a shock absorber for the hard surfaces that we walk on is substantially decreased.

To avoid this, have the soles of your shoes replaced regularly or simply realize that it is time to invest in a new pair.

Also, you want to check for even “wear” on the soles and heels of your shoe.PICTURE OF WEAR PATTERN ON BOTTOM OF SHOES FOR POST CORN VS. CALLUS

Uneven “wear” patterns could signal that you have an abnormal gait cycle that is causing an increased pressure point to a particular area of your foot.

This can easily be fixed with the purchase of personalized, corrective insoles.

Corn vs. Callus – Other Simple Preventative Measures

Wouldn’t it be great if we could prevent corns and calluses from showing up in the first place?

You already know how to ensure that inadequate shoe gear doesn’t contribute to the formation of these annoying ailments, but what else can you do to be pro-active?

The following are simple recommendations to decrease the likelihood that you will develop both corns and calluses:

  • Wash your feet every day. Use water, soap and a scrubbing brush. Following… ensure to dry your feet thoroughly.


  • Do NOT use body lotion on your feet. Instead,… invest in a moisturizing foot cream made especially for the feet.

Picture of Foot Cream in Unique GiftsCALL TO ACTION IN CORN VS. CALLUS

  • Remove hard skin gently and regularly. This is best performed with a foot file or pumice stone.


  • Wear padded gloves or utilize tools with padding in order to protect your hands when handling tools.
  • Wear comfortable socks in order to reduce friction to your feet caused by some shoe gear.
  • If foot deformities are present, invest in pads and cushions to reduce pressure points and friction. I have listed some of my favorites below.




Corn vs. Callus – Final Words

As you can see, there are both many similarities and differences between a corn vs. callus.

Neither of these two foot ailments are fun to deal with and pain can occur.PICTURE OF HAPPY FEET

Whether a corn vs. callus, there ARE things that you can do to lessen the likelihood of you having to suffer from the annoying problems that having either of these can cause.

Be proactive and take the steps necessary to ensure that your risk of developing a corn and/or callus is minimized.

I hope you enjoyed this article on a corn vs. callus. As always, I welcome any feedback, comments or questions below. I am truly here to help!


Dr. Misty

Podiatric Physician and Owner of

Cure Toenail Fungus – One of the Best Natural Remedies Exposed

Toenail fungus got you down? Have you tried most EVERYTHING on the market to no avail?

If you are frustrated with the appearance of thick, crumbly, yellow toenails and are searching for a way to FINALLY cure your toenail fungus then look no further!


Let me, a podiatric physician (a.k.a. foot doctor), save you both time and money.

I am here to expose one of the best natural remedies to cure toenail fungus once and for all.

Within my practice, toenail fungus is one of the most common ailments that “walks” through my doors.

I have researched and experimented with literally hundreds of the highly marketed treatment options for toenail fungus. And… I can truly tell you what works and what does not to cure this unsightly problem that we term toenail fungus.

Let me help you… you deserve a treatment that REALLY works!

I want to tell you all about my #1 recommendation (Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System) to cure your toenail fungus now!

Product: Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail SystemPicture of Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System on post Best Cure for Toenail Fungus

Price: $29.95

Cheapest Place to Buy:

What is Included:

  • 16 oz Tea Tree Oil Foot Soak
  • 9 fl oz Antifungal Wash
  • 1 fl oz ReNew Nail Solution

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My Rating: 9.9 out of 10! AMAZING!       

The Best Cure for Toenail Fungus: An Overview on Purely Northwest

What is Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System?

I will definitely delve into exactly what the Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System entails AND how and why it is my favorite and most efficient cure for toenail fungus, but first things first… I would like to tell you a little bit about this brand that I have grown to love… Purely Northwest.

Picture of the words Purely Northwest as The Best Cure for Toenail Fungus

Purely Northwest, based within the USA, began as a small company with one simple goal… to create natural products that actually work in order to promote healthy skin and nails. Their philosophy is quite simple….

Picture of Purely Northwest Philosophy on post Cure for Toenail Fungus

Doesn’t that goal, along with that philosophy statement, give you the warm and fuzzies?

Is that the sole reason that I recommend Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System as the best cure for toenail fungus to my thousands of patients and readers? The answer is NO!

While the mere goal of the creation of this company, along with its sincere philosophy, didCALL TO ACTION TO BUY CURE FOR THICK YELLOW TOENAILS NOW peak my original interest toward its products, I had to take a step back… isn’t this what every other company in the healthcare market claims?

I mean… ANY company or organization can make ANY claim as to their heartfelt purpose of being, but do they actually follow through in the creation of products that actually support these claims? NO, NO and NO!

What actually sold me (a podiatrist that treats thousands of patients) on the Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System as my #1 recommendation to cure toenail fungus was quite simple… EFFECTIVE RESULTS from a natural product. Nothing more, nothing less.


Why Do I Rank Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System as The Best Cure for Toenail Fungus?

Just in case you missed it above, let me reiterate… I base my recommendation for Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System as the #1 cure for toenail fungus solely from EFFECTIVE RESULTS. Period.

I treat toenail fungus day-in and day-out as a podiatrist. I have personally seen the results that my hundreds of patients achieve via the use of Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System.

Here is just one of the amazing examples of what Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System can do for you:

Picture of before and after treatment with Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System on post Cure Toenail Fungus

This product literally combats and works to cure toenail fungus better than any other product on the market… even prescription medications.

Throughout my last decade of private practice, I have utilized trial and error with a multitude of products claiming to cure toenail fungus.

With my patient’s approval, I would invite them to participate in my studies and research searching for the ultimate cure for toenail fungus.

For years, I would rate products within certain categories including, but not limited to the following:

      • Product Effectiveness (i.e. Results),EXCELLENT
      • Ease of Treatment,
      • Price,
      • Ease of Purchase,
      • Side Effects and
      • Overall Patient Satisfaction.

Guess what? No more studies for me (or my patients).

Based upon my research RESULTS, I have absolutely found the best cure for toenail fungus AND it is now my #1 recommendation to all of my patients (and readers)… Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System.


NOTE: I do have two other products that I commonly recommend to cure toenail fungus. Cure Ex Laser is recommended for those that do not want to mess with applying topical Picture of Thumbs Upsolutions and Zeta Clear Nail Solution includes both a topical and oral treatment regimen.

However… I do listen to my patients. Their word, experience and results matter. And… Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail Solution IS the most popular, most economical and most effective cure for toenail fungus!

What Exactly is Included with the Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System?

We know that EFFECTIVE RESULTS (which are consistently obtained with Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System)say EVERYTHING about a product that claims to perform a certain action.

You also know by now that I am, personally, a firm believer in the success rate of Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System to cure toenail fungus.

But… what is this Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System?PICTURE OF RED AND GREEN SIGN

Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System is actually a combination of THREE products that harmoniously work together to naturally inhibit the root causes of toenail fungus and leave your feet both feeling and looking better than they ever have.

That’s right… with the purchase of Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System, you are not only getting one product to cure your nasty toenail fungus but THREE!

Talk about bang for your buck!

The three components of this system include the following:

      • Tea Tree Foot and Body Wash: This antifungal soap is purposefullyPICTURE OF PURELY NORTHWEST ANTIFUNGAL FOOT AND BODY WASH ON POST CURE TOENAIL FUNGUS created as a scrub to not only remove dirt and debris from under your toenails, but to also help heal dry, cracked feet. It contains natural ingredients including, but not limited to, Tea Tree Oil, Oregano Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Rosemary Oil, Peppermint Oil and Aloe Vera. This product can be purchased separately for $14.95 by clicking HERE!
      • ReNew Nail Solution: The nail solution is to be applied directly to any ofPICTURE OF RENEW NAIL SOLUTION ON POST CURE TOENAIL FUNGUS your infected toenails. It contains a specifically concentrated blend of Tea Tree Oil, Oregano Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Rosemary Oil, Jojoba oil and Camphor which will not only combat your fungus, but will also strengthen your nails and encourage new nail growth. This product can be purchased separately for $13.95 by clicking HERE!
      • Tea Tree Foot Soak: Add a little relaxation into your treatment ofPICTURE OF PURELY NORTHWEST TEA TREE OIL FOOT SOAK ON POST CURE TOENAIL FUNGUS toenail fungus with this foot soak comprised of proven ingredients such as Tea Tree Oil and Epsom Salt along with other essential oils that work to speed up your healing process. This soak will not only aid you in softening the hard, brittle, fungal toenails for trimming purposes, but it will also aid in allowing the effective, natural ingredients of Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System to more effectively and deeply penetrate your fungus. This product can be purchased separately for $13.85 by clicking HERE!

Essentially, each of these three components contained within Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System contains ingredients that can effectively alleviate the symptoms of toenail fungus on its own, but… when utilized together, as a system, you will experience a natural cure for toenail fungus that works both faster AND more effectively.

As you can see above, each product can be purchased separately which is very convenientPICTURE TO SAVE MONEY for the purpose of replacements; however, the Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System at a cost of $29.95 is definitely the way to begin your treatment as the purchase price for buying each of these items separately totals $42.75. (That’s a savings of $12.80!!!)

Not only was this three-part system originally designed to safely, effectively and naturally clear up toenail fungus, but, as you can see, it also contains a multitude of other natural ingredients such as Aloe Vera and Jojoba Oil (among others) necessary to heal, hydrate and strengthen your skin and nails and leave them both looking and feeling healthy and clean.


What Makes Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System the Most Effective Cure for Toenail Fungus?

While ALL the ingredients contained within Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System are both natural and safe (and each has a very specific purpose), the main antifungal properties that cause this product to effectively eliminate unsightly toenail fungus include Tea Tree Oil and, to a lesser degree, Oregano Oil.

I would like to take a moment to focus on Tea Tree Oil. What is so special about Tea Tree Oil?

If you have EVER taken the time to perform any type of research regarding natural cures for toenail fungus, you have definitely come across and read about the success of Tea Tree Oil in combating fungus. If you haven’t, then just trust me… Tea Tree Oil is the most effective, natural ingredient in the fight against any type of fungus!

Tea tree oil, derived from the Tea Tree Plant, has been used for centuries for a multitude ofPICTURE OF TEA TREE PLANT health conditions.

Not only is it antifungal, but it also contains antibacterial and antiseptic agents, AND… it is natural!

Right about now you are probably wondering why you can’t just go purchase some tea tree oil and solely use this to cure your toenail fungus. Am I right?

Well… here is my answer to this commonly asked question…

Because tea tree oil is so potent, it could prove harmful if placed, in its natural form, directly onto sore or irritated skin without some type of carrier oil.

In addition, any natural ingredient must be utilized in a specially formulated, therapeutic dosage to truly be effective and; regretfully, very few products contain this very specific, sought-after therapeutic dosage.

With an optimal therapeutic dosage, along with a three-part system, Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System takes the effectiveness of Tea Tree Oil (as well as MANY other powerful, natural ingredients) to the next level with perfectly blended, natural ingredients in order to truly combat and cure toenail fungus.

This fact allows this system to work its magic and produce your desired results without causing any additional irritations or concerns.


How is Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System Used to Cure Toenail Fungus?

Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System, hands-down, is the best cure for toenail fungus when used correctly. That is why it is my #1 recommended cure for toenail fungus. But…

As with any treatment plan for ANY ailment… you MUST be consistent with your treatment in order to achieve your desired results of complete resolution and understand that absolutely NO product can cure toenail fungus overnight.PICTURE OF FINGER POINTING TO YOU

It is my goal to educate you on the best cure for toenail fungus on the market, but YOU have to actually perform the treatment as instructed to obtain the most effective results.

No worries… Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System is easy to use and when used correctly will have you exposing your beautiful toenails in no time.

Just follow these easy steps:

  1. Use your Tea Tree Foot and Body Wash on your feet during your morning shower. Ensure to thoroughly scrub your feet and toes. I recommend the use of a small scrub brush which should help you in getting underneath the toenails.
  2. Completely dry your feet and toenails.
  3. Apply ReNew Nail Solution directly to the affected toenails.
  4. Enjoy your day and look forward to your evening foot soak.
  5. Before bedtime, enjoy a nice 15-20 minute foot soak utilizing the Tea Tree Foot Soak. This can be performed either in a basin or large bowl OR you can relax and enjoy this via a therapeutic foot spa machine.
  6. Following your soak, thoroughly dry you feet and toenails.
  7. Re-Apply your ReNew Nail Solution directly to the affected toenails and leave overnight.
  8. Dream about beautiful, fungal-free nails!


Continue this easy and often relaxing treatment every day until you witness complete resolution of your toenail fungus which can take a few months depending on the severity of your condition.

Final Thoughts – Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System is Definitely the Best Cure for Toenail Fungus

If you are truly searching for the best cure for toenail fungus then look no further… Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System is the treatment for you!

If you are wanting to achieve the results of truly beautiful and healthy nails buy this system now. Don’t wait!

I can guarantee you that this product will work for you. You will NOT regret it. I have seen it in action with hundreds of my patients!

Just look at what some people just like you have to say about Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System:Picture of Awesome Reviews on The Best Cure for Toenail FungusGo ahead… get rid of those scary, unsightly nails and restore the beautiful luster that you once had. I can promise you that you will be glad that you did!

If you have thick, yellow toenails, you absolutely can’t live without this amazing product!


I hope that you have enjoyed reading my review on Purely Northwest Foot and Toenail System.

As always, I welcome ANY questions, concerns or critiques of any information presented on my site. I truly am here to help YOU!

Also, my readers and I would love to hear your personal reviews of this product or any other product that you have tried for the treatment of toenail fungus. Please feel free to leave them below.


Dr. Misty

Podiatric Physician and Owner of